Gustav Gurschner (1873-1970) – Austrian artist, sculptor, master of arts and crafts, who worked in the Art Nouveau style, was born in the family of surveyor Alfons Gurschner and Aloysia Grass. In 1894 he graduated from the School of Applied Arts in Vienna,
In 1897, Gurschner went to Paris, where he became interested in the aesthetics of a new direction under the influence of the masters of French Art Nouveau. His vocation was the development of artistic design for everyday functional objects and small sculptures. He created many items such as doorknobs, candlesticks, electric lamps, belt buckles and more.
The style that we now call modern in different countries had different names. In particular, in Austria it was called the Viennese Secession (from the Latin secessio – separation, care). This was the name of the exhibition and creative association of young Austrian artists, which opposed the routine of academic art. The most famous representative of the Vienna Secession was Gustav Klimt.
A distinctive feature of the “secession style”, including arts and crafts, was the attraction of its masters to decorativeness, simplified ornamentation and stylization of forms.