Philippe-Joseph Brocard (1831-1896), French glassmaker and orientalist, was born in Lans-Saint-Serve (Belgium).
He began his career as an art and antiques restorer. Studying the ancient products of the ancient Syrian glassblowers of the XIII-XIV centuries, decorated with polychrome enamel and gilding, he became interested in this technique. His experiments were successful and in 1891 he filed a patent with the National Institute of Industrial Property “For a new method of applying enamel to glass and metal foil.”
Philippe Joseph Brocard became interested in the aesthetics of the ancient East, he studied patterns and ornaments in museums and mosques and transferred them to his vases. His glass vessels in the Arabic, Indian and Persian styles were in great demand on the wave of European interest in any exotic.
Brocard’s achievements were subsequently successfully applied in their works by the masters of glass making of the Art Nouveau era, such as Emile Galle and other masters of the Nancy school, the glassblowers of the Baccarat factory.
Brocard’s enamel work was first shown at the Paris Exhibition of 1867. His talent was awarded a gold medal at the World Exhibition of 1873 in Vienna. Public recognition came again at the Paris Exhibition of 1874. At the next Parisian exhibition in 1878, Brocard with Emile Galle took second place.